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| Last Updated:08/11/2019

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Sariska, Panna reserves move up the growth ladder, Ranthambore stays put: Study


The Times of India, New Delhi, 28th January, 2015


JAIPUR: While the once wiped out Sariska National Park has taken giant strides in the past four years and done well for itself, not much has improved in effective management at the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in the recent years despite the number of big cats constantly multiplying at the reserve. Currently, there are about 59 tigers, including sub-adults, in Ranthambore and Sariska has 13 tigers.


In a report released by the ministry for environment, forest and climate change titled 'Tiger MEETR' on measuring the management effectiveness of tiger reserves in India the Sariska reserve is rated as good and the same remark has been given to Ranthambhore. However, the newly created Mukundra reserve that is yet to get a big cat has been rated as fair.


Sariska's current rating is a grade above of what it was rated in the 2010-011 report while Ranthambore has maintained its rank since then. Interestingly, in 2005-06 when all the tigers were wiped out of Sariska it had been rated as poor while Ranthambore stood at fair then.


Be that as it may, Panna National Park that also saw all its tigers wiped out just about the same time as Sariska but it has been ranked way above at very good.


According to a wildlife expert, "Ranthambore poses many more challenges than Sariska as a park. Not only due to the bustling number of big cats but also because of the straying away of sub-adults due to space crunch. There is an urgent need for creating better corridors connected to Ranthambore for allowing tigers to migrate upto Kuno Palpur while many adjoining sanctuaries need to be upgraded for handling the spill over of tigers. Sariska on the other hand is a bigger forest with much lesser number of tigers but the many villages that are still situated in it and that had resulted in the poaching of a tiger in 2010 are issues that the reserve needs to address urgently."


The ratings were done as per the Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) process, a global framework to evaluate the performance of protected areas that grades reserves between poor to very good where poor stands at 40% mark while very good is at 75% and above.


The MEE is an assessment of how well protected areas such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, conservation reserves, community reserves and tiger reserves are being managed and their effectiveness in conserving flora and fauna. The parameters comprise six elements i.e. context that measures the status and threats to the park, planning-how to go where the park wants to be, inputs- what the park needs, process- how to go about the job, output- what was expected and what has been the outcome and outcome- achievements.