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Optimism after countries agree on draft in Geneva


                                                                                   The Hindu, New Delhi, 15th February, 2015

 Meena Menon

 

On the last day of the Geneva Climate Change talks on Friday, countries agreed on a negotiating text for the 2015 agreement.

 

Responding to the new draft text, Julie Ann Richards of the Climate Justice Program said there is a new breath of optimism for an ambitious climate agreement in Paris and there is also ownership by countries. The text has got bulkier in the latest round of talks and gone up to 140 pages, she added during a briefing of the Climate Action Network in Geneva. It was important to scale up financial support and ensure a high level meeting for loss and damage.

 

The important thing is that there are enough good options in the text including a call to end fossil fuel emissions which were promising, she added. Tasneem Essop of the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) said a number of countries have to ratify a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol. The pre-2020 ambitions also needed to be enhanced.

 

Keeping up the trend in global climate talks by industrialised nations to deny historical responsibilities, the U.S. had sprung a new term “bifurcation” and ending the two different categories of developed and developing countries at the ongoing talks in Geneva. An Indian official here said even if the U.S. uses different words, India would stick to its stand of common but differentiated responsibilities.

 

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) issued a statement saying that a key milestone towards a new, universal agreement on climate change was reached in Geneva following seven days of negotiations by over 190 nations. The agreement is set to be reached in Paris at the end of 2015 and will come into effect in 2020.

 

Formal work and negotiations on the text will continue at the Climate Change Conference in Bonn in June with two further formal sessions planned for later in the year including in October, the UNFCCC said. “I am extremely encouraged by the constructive spirit and the speed at which negotiators have worked during the past week,” said UNFCCC executive secretary Christiana Figueres. “The Lima Draft has now been transformed into the negotiating text and enjoys the full ownership of all countries,” she added.

 

Source:- http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/optimism-after-countries-agree-on-draft-in-geneva/article6896548.ece